Last updated 19/06/2020
“There are a loads of tools and software that organizations tend to use when they adopt a DevOps culture. Why should I particularly learn about Docker?”You might start thinking that when you read the title of this blog. Isn’t it?
Well, currently 12,000 companies of the entire world are using Docker. And the revenues they are earning, are huge! Want to know how much? It’s almost 10-12 Million! Can you imagine?
You can easily conclude, by seeing this huge revenue, companies who haven’t used Docker till now, are thinking of using it as well. So if you already have knowledge about Docker, it will help you to crack your DevOps interview in a better way.
You might be again wondering, what are the Docker questions that you’ll come across in a DevOps interview?
Well, we have picked some for you. Check it out!
Docker is a collection of PaaS software that binds your application and all its dependencies together in containers to make sure that your application works flawlessly in any environment including development, testing, or production. Docker wraps anything that can be installed on a server as a guarantee that the software will always run the same, regardless of its environment.
Docker containers are made of the application and all of its dependencies. It shares the kernel with other containers while running as isolated processes in the user space of the host operating system. Docker containers are not limited to some specific infrastructure. They run on every operating system, infrastructure, and cloud. Docker containers are practically the runtime instances of Docker images.
Docker image is the source of the Docker container. They are the main elements that are used to create containers. When a user runs a Docker image, it creates an instance of a container. Docker images are deployable to any Docker environment.
Docker images create docker containers. The registry where these docker images reside is called Docker Hub. Users can choose images from Docker Hub and use them to create customized containers. At present, the Docker Hub is the world’s largest public repository of image containers.
A Dockerfile is a text document that delivers all the commands the user could call on the command line to assemble an image. Users can also create an automated build that executes several command-line instructions in succession by using Docker build.
Docker Compose is a YAML file that contains details about the services, networks, and volumes which are important to set up the Docker application. Docker Compose can be used to create separate containers, host them, and get them to communicate with each other where each container produces a port for communicating with other containers.
Docker Swarm is native clustering for Docker that turns a pool of Docker hosts into a single, virtual Docker host. It serves the standard Docker API. Swarm can be used by any tool that already communicates with a Docker daemon for the purpose of transparent scaling to multiple hosts.
A namespace is an important concept of containers and a Linux feature. Namespace adds a layer of isolation in containers. Docker provides a number of namespaces to stay portable and not to affect the underlying host system Few examples of Namespaces are: PID, Mount, IPC, User, Network
Following are the stages of a Docker life cycle container:
Docker machine is a tool that allows you to install Docker Engine on virtual hosts. With the help of docker-machine commands, you can manage these hosts as well. Docker machine also lets you improvise the Docker Swarm Clusters.
You will get information about Docker Client and Server versions with the help of this command:
$ docker version
The following command can help you to get a detailed information about the docker installed on your system.
$ docker info
The following command can be very useful to instruct you on how to use a command, the syntax, etc.
$ docker --help
For one specific command, you can use the following syntax:
$ docker <command> --help
Following command helps you to log in to hub.docker.com:
$ docker login
You’ll be asked to put your username and password. After inserting those you will be logged in successfully
First, you need to select an image from docker hub and then pull it on your local system
You can pull an image from docker hub by using this command:
$ docker pull <image_name>
You need to follow the steps mentioned below:
$ docker run -it -d <image_name>
This command assists you to list down all the running containers:
$ docker ps
To start a docker container, you need to use this following command:
$ docker start <container_id>
This one is for stopping a running container:
$ docker stop <container_id>
To kill a container you can use this following command:
$ docker kill <container_id>
After you are done working with an image, you need to use this following command to push it to the docker hub.
$ docker push <username/image name>
The following command is used to delete a stopped container:
$ docker rm <container id>
Satisfied? Not yet? Well, if you want to learn further about Docker then we have a solution for you. Check out our DevOps training sessions, and join as per your requirements. Not only Docker, but you’ll also get to learn about other DevOps Tools there as well. Pretty cool, right?
NovelVista Learning Solutions is a professionally managed training organization with specialization in certification courses. The core management team consists of highly qualified professionals with vast industry experience. NovelVista is an Accredited Training Organization (ATO) to conduct all levels of ITIL Courses. We also conduct training on DevOps, AWS Solution Architect associate, Prince2, MSP, CSM, Cloud Computing, Apache Hadoop, Six Sigma, ISO 20000/27000 & Agile Methodologies.
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