Last updated 19/06/2020
Let us start by answering the same question again, why Perl? Why it is a much-needed scripting language for most of the developers and programmers out there?
Because, by borrowing features from other programming languages including C, shell script, AWK, and sed, Perl has proven it to be one of the fine shaped sophisticated ones! How?
Because it provides text processing facilities without the arbitrary data length limits of many contemporary Unix command-line tools, facilitating manipulation of text files. Perl 5 gained widespread popularity in the late 1990s as a CGI scripting language, in part due to its unsurpassed regular expression and string parsing abilities.
So learning Perl is so much important in today’s world to crack an interview.
Well, enough of these jibber jabber. Let’s get into the top 20 Perl interview questions now. Shall we?
Answer: The full form of PERL is “Practical Extraction and Reporting Language”. Perl is a powerful scripting language that is rich in features and helps you to write powerful and efficient code for mission-critical projects.
Answer: Few advantages of Perl are:
The main disadvantages of Perl are:
Answer: Few usages of Perl are:
Answer: The characteristics of Perl are mentioned below:
Answer: Because of being portable, we can execute Perl programs on any platform. Programmers can even write the Perl code in a notepad and then execute the program using the command prompt.
Answer: You can use the following arguments while executing a Perl program.
Answer: Variables in Perl don’t usually have a data type. The data type of a variable in Perl can be inferred from its value.
Before using a variable, the value needs to be assigned to it. If it is not assigned, the program may result in an unexpected output.
Answer: Scalars are the variables in Perl that have values with linear data types like integer, float, or string.
Answer: All the variables in Perl are global in scope by default. This means that a variable can be used as a reminder of the program from the point where it has been declared.
Answer: Numeric operators in Perl are:
Answer: Perl usually provides two different operators to manipulate strings.
Answer: chomp() operator helps in removing the last character of a string and returns the number of characters removed. It becomes useful while reading input data from the console to remove a newline (\n) character.
Answer: Both list and array are a set of elements. The main difference between a list and an array in Perl is that a list is immutable and it cannot be altered directly. An array on the other hand, is mutable and its contents can grow or even shrink in size
Answer: Arrays in Perl are only used to contain scalar elements. Arrays are not allowed to contain another array and its element.
Arrays in Perl somewhat looks like this:
@myarray = (1,4,5);
Answer: DIE function in Perl exits the program and prints a specified message. On the other hand, Exit simply exits the program.
Answer: Subroutine is a block of code in Perl that can be reused by a program either internally or externally.
“open” library function is used to open a file. It works as follows:
where filevar=> like a file pointer used by Perl to refer a file
filename=>location of the file to be opened.
When the file needs to be opened in the ‘Append’ mode, we need to precede the filename with ‘>>’ characters.
‘open’ function returns a non-zero value when the file is opened successfully. If it’s not successfully opened, it returns zero.
Once a file has been opened, we can read data line-by-line from the file with the help of this following code:
$line = <filevar>;
We can write data to a file using the following code:
Print filevar(“This is to be written to file\n”)
Did we drive away your interview fear regarding Perl questions with these? No? Well, if not, you can ask away your queries in the comment section below anytime you want. Also, don’t forget to check out our courses once, those ones that can help you to add extra colors on your wings of Perls!
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